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USDA January Cattle Inventory

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January 1st Cattle Inventory Up 3 Percent
USDA - National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS)
 
  • All cattle and calves in the United States, as of January 1, 2017, totaled 93.6 million head. This is 2 percent above the 91.9 million head on January 1, 2016. 
  • All cows and heifers that have calved, at 40.6 million head, are 3 percent above the 39.5 million head on January 1, 2016. 
    • Beef cows, at 31.2 million head, are up 3 percent from a year ago. 
    • Milk cows, at 9.35 million head, are up slightly from the previous year. 
  • All heifers 500 pounds and over, as of January 1, 2017, totaled 20.1 million head. This is1 percent above the 19.9 million head on January 1, 2016. 
    • Beef replacement heifers, at 6.42 million head, are up 1 percent from a year ago. 
    • Milk replacement heifers, at 4.75 million head, are down 1 percent from the previous year. 
    • Other heifers, at 8.88 million head, are 1 percent above a year earlier. 
  • Calves under 500 pounds in the United States, as of January 1, 2017, totaled 14.4 million head. This is 2 percent above the 14.1 million head on January 1, 2016. 
    • Steers weighing 500 pounds and over totaled 16.4 million head, up slightly from one year ago. 
    • Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over totaled 2.23 million head, up 4 percent from the previous year. 
  • The 2016 calf crop in the United States was estimated at 35.1 million head, up 3 percentfrom last year's calf crop. 
    • Calves born during the first half of 2016 were estimated at 25.6 million head. This is up 4 percent from the first half of 2015. 
    • Calves born during the second half of 2016 were estimated at 9.53 million head, 27 percent of the total 2016 calf crop. 
  • Cattle and calves on feed for the slaughter market in the United States for all feedlots totaled 13.1 million head on January 1, 2017. The inventory is down 1 percentfrom the January 1, 2016 total of 13.2 million head. 
    • Cattle on feed, in feedlotswith capacity of 1,000 or more head, accounted for 81.2 percent of the total cattle on feed on January 1, 2017. This is up 1 percent from the previous year. 
    • The combined total of calves under 500 pounds and other heifers and steers over 500 pounds (outside of feedlots) is 26.6 million head. This is 2 percent above one year ago. 
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